Issue 42

OPEN SCIENCE

The History and Future of Data Citation in Practice. A review of data citations as a concept, and their use as a means to provide credit and to track data use and impact. Published in the Data Science Journal.

The Value of Preregistration for Psychological Science. A blog post by Daniël Lakens that examines the aims and benefits of preregistration in avoiding bias arising from a selective reporting of research results.

PUBLISHING

Data Sharing and Research on Peer Review: A Call to Action. Access to adequate data hampers the academic study of peer review. The authors of this comment propose a strong infrastructure for sharing of peer review data. Posted on SocArXiv.

The open data challenge: An analysis of 124,000 data availability statements. A comprehensive analysis of data availability statements in articles from 176 Wiley journals, ranging from 2013 to 2019. The data shows a strong uptake in these statements that is correlated to the implementation of the publisher’s data sharing policy. Posted on Authorea.

New peer review initiatives at eLife. The journal has announced two initiatives: publishing editorial acceptance explanations with all paper and an initiative around preprint review for papers posted on bioRxiv. For preprint review all participating submissions will have reviewer reports posted to the preprints, regardless of publication in eLife.

Octopus: a radical new approach to scientific publishing. Alex Freeman introduces Octopus in a post on the Royal Society In Verba blog. The platform aims to dispel the notion of journals and papers by publishing arbitrary research outputs.

Determining the Future of the Blockchain for Peer Review Initiative. The initiative will not move beyond the pilot phase at this point. “The consensus is that focusing on existing initiatives is a more efficient path towards making the peer review process more transparent, efficient and recognizable.”

PLOS

PLOS is trialling the integration of preprint commenting into the peer review process. Academic editors of four PLOS community journals can consider comments left on preprints during peer review.

EVENTS

The BioHackathon Paris is taking place from 18 – 22 November, 2019. This will include activities around Bioschemas.